Revenue Optimization

Are Expandable Ads Right for You? (Benefits + Security Concerns)

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Expandable ads promise high CTR, better viewability and user engagement by showing larger-sized ads containing image, text, video, and rich media content. According to a study, expandable ads encourage 0.16% users to click on ads in comparison to banner ads where this number is 0.10%. And we all know that advertisers have an affinity for high viewability inventory. But is the promise of these ads worth it?

Yes, there is high CTR, however, there is always a concern for bad user experience and security issues. So, let’s dive into the topic and hope by the end you would know whether to go for expandable ads or not.

What Are Expandable Ads

Expandable ads are rich media ads that expand from their displayed ad size to outside the iFrame to other bigger sizes when users interact with them. Due to this interaction, these ads create better interaction possibilities and can deliver more information to interested users. For instance, expandable ads can show video clips of a game, information about upcoming sale or trailer of a movie that might interest users.

expandable ads

In display advertising, click-to-expand ads can expand to sizes as large size as 728×270 pixels. Generally, these click-to-expand ads look like any other ads on a webpage, however, as soon as users click on these ads, they expand on the screen (might take up to 70% to 100% screen) giving users all kinds of minute details they would want to know about the product or the brand.

With expandable ads, publishers can make good money out of cost-per-click (CPC) or cost-per-impression (CPM) campaigns. Keep in mind that you’ll generate earnings from CPC expandable ads when a user clicks on ad to visit the advertiser’s landing page, and not when a user simply clicks to expand the ad.

Popular expandable banner sizes

These ads are designed in two sizes for two states. A small size called ‘invitation state’ and a large one called ‘expanded state’.

Invitation state unit sizes: 120×600, 160×600, 200×200, 250×250, 300×250, 300×600, 336×280, 468×60, and 728×90

Expanded state unit sizes: 240×600, 320×600, 400×200, 500×250, 600×250, 672×280, 468×180, and 728×270; corresponding with the previous invitation state unit sizes.

The Benefits

Encourages user engagement: Expandable ads are designed to get clicks or responses (by adding call-to-action texts) from the users. Furthermore, upon expanding, these ads can provide more details that increase brand awareness.

Opportunity to show more details: Expandable ads are designed in two states. And, only interested users will click on the smaller one and get to the larger ad size (state). This gives advertisers an opportunity to deliver more details to only interested users.

Higher CTR: Because of the action-driven expansion users tend to click more on ads and increase chances to finally reach the advertiser’s landing page. And we all understand the correlation between clicks and ad revenue earned via these expandable ads.

In totality, expandable ads benefit advertisers by giving them what they aspire for—interested audience. And happy advertisers mean better revenue for publishers.

Frequently Asked Questions by Publishers

Do expandable ads alter the webpage layout?
No. Once expanded, the ad will appear as a layer on a user’s screen. The rest of the content will remain intact under the ad. Also, users can minimize/remove expanded ads anytime they want.

Do expandable ads annoy users?
When implemented correctly, expandable ads maximize only when users click on them. For these ads to be less disruptive, expandable ads shouldn’t expand more than double their initial height and width. If these ads adhere to the best practices then user experience can be made better.

How can AdSense publishers add expandable ads on their sites?
All AdSense publishers are eligible for expandable ads. If you have added AdSense code to your website without alteration and enabled image ads, then you place can expandable ads. But note that AdSense doesn’t provide expandable ads services in a few geographical locations.

The Matter of Security

Ads that expand on user’s screen can be abused as an entry point for hacks. Randy Westergren, a Delaware-based security researcher found, iFrame busters used to expand ads make your site vulnerable to attacks.

Let’s start from the starts. Ad units are given a fixed ‘frame’ or iFrame on webpages to display creatives. Then we have two types of iFrame —friendly iFrame and non-friendly iFrame. The former one has the same domain as the hosted webpage domain. This iFrame allows the content of the frame to ‘break out’ and take up more than allocated space. Next, non-friendly iFrame has a different domain than the hosted webpage and do not allow the expansion beyond the allocated space. Hence makes things tricky for the expandable ads to work. This is because, ad code has different domain than the hosted domain. To tackle this problem, iFrame buster comes into the picture.

An iFrame buster code is added to allow expansion of ads beyond their frame limit. And according to Randy Westergren, iFrame buster can be exploited by an attacker in a DOM-based cross-site scripting (XSS) attack. XSS or cross-site scripting is a client-site code injection attack. Meaning, during the expansion of ads, iFrame buster provides a window for attackers to push their malicious code using XSS.

Hence, publishers need to be cautious about similar attacks while implementing expandable ads.

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